Semantic Components of Wakaru as a Polysemy in Japanese Language

Semantic Components of Wakaru as a Polysemy in Japanese Language
Authors: Amanda Maurilla, Lea Santiar

The existence of different concepts contained in the verb wakaru cause mistakes in understanding the meaning of the verb wakaru. This misunderstanding may also affect the translation of the verb wakaru into Indonesian. The verb wakaru, meaning ‘understand’, is very often used by the teacher in the learning process, in order to confirm the learner’s state of comprehension and understanding. Wakaru is used in its positive polite form wakarimasu ‘understand’, in its interrogative form wakarimasuka ‘do you understand?’ or in its negative polite form wakarimasen, which means ‘not comprehending’. In the process of learning Japanese, the verb wakaru has been presented in the early stages of learning. Nevertheless, learners are not aware of other variations of meaning and semantic components of the verb wakaru. This study aims to identify and explain the semantic components of the verb wakaru which are polysemic. The result may be useful to learners as well as to teachers to enrich their knowledge in semantics and the verb wakaru.

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